Скорая помощь

2022-01-08 03:12:19  👁 803

ОЖОГИ

Ожог - повреждение тканей под действием высоких температур (термические ожоги) или едких химических веществ (химические ожоги). Основная причина ожоговых травм у собак - невнимательность владельцев.

Симптомы. В зависимости от тяжести поражения наблюдают: покраснение, припухлость и болезненность кожи, появление волдырей с последующим их прорывом, обугливание и некроз тканей.

Термические ожоги

Различают термические ожоги трех степеней.
1. Если у собаки кожа покраснела, наблюдаются болезненность, волдыри,припухлость,то это поверхностный ожог 1-й степени, который проходит через 2-3 дня и может быть вылечен владельцем в домашних условиях.
2. Если у собаки выпадает шерсть, или ее можно легко выдернуть, кожа побуревшая, на ней образуются пузыри, то это свидетельствует об ожоге 2-й степени.
3. Если шерсть выпадает, кожа обуглена, омертвела, то у собаки тяжелый ожог 3-й степени.
С ожогами 2-й и 3-йстепени нужно обратиться к ветеринару.

Первая помощь. Постарайтесь немедленно устранить действие температурного фактора, снизить местную температуру кожи (обливайте пострадавшее животное холодной водой из ведра, душа, шланга, прикладывайте к обожженному участку пузырь со льдом, пакеты замороженных овощей). Затем обработайте обожженные участки спиртом, крепким (красного цвета) раствором марганцовки (одеколоном, зеленкой). После этого можно нанести эмульсию синтомицина и наложить стерильную защитную повязку, которая  не только защищает пораженную поверхность, но и не позволяет собаке зализывать пораженный участок. Меняйте повязки ежедневно. Если от раны исходит неприятный запах, срочно обратитесь к ветврачу.

При всех видах ожогов прекрасно помогает эплан.

Если ожог вызван электрическим током (например, собака перекусила электропроводку), первым делом отключите сеть, а уж потом прикасайтесь к пострадавшему животному или к проводам.

Химические ожоги

При подобных ожогах основное отличие состоит в том, что вызвавшее ожог вещество продолжает длительно воздействовать на кожу. Поэтому, чтобы прекратить повреждающее действие, следует срочно оказать пострадавшему животному первую помощь. Во избежание ожога, следует надеть на руки защитные резиновые перчатки. 

Первая помощь: немедленно промойте пораженный участок сильной струей воды. Если ожог вызван кислотой, следует нейтрализовать ее раствором питьевой соды (1 чайная ложка на стакан воды). Лучше смочить этим раствором салфетку или носовой платок и наложить на обожженный участок. При ожоге негашеной известью, следует залить обожженное место растительным или вазелиновым маслом. При ожоге щелочью наложите на место ожога салфетку или носовой платок, смоченный слабым раствором уксусной кислоты, яблочным уксусом или лимонной кислотой. При химическом ожоге глаз тщательно промойте пораженный глаз чистой водой (промывание следует делать в течение 20-30 минут), после чего доставьте пострадавшее животное к ветврачу. Для уменьшения боли дайте собаке анальгин (0,5-2 г).


Литература
А.В.Липин, А.В.Санин, Е.В.Зинченко
ВЕТЕРИНАРНЫЙ СПРАВОЧНИК
Традиционные и нетрадиционные методы лечения собак

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