Кошки. Содержание и уход

2022-01-08 03:12:19  👁 707

Гидатигероз кошек

Гидатигероз - заболевание плотоядных из семейства кошачьих, вызываемое ленточным гельминтом семейства Taeniidae, подотряда Taeniata. Ленточные гельминты паразитируют в тонком кишечнике дефинитивных хозяев, тогда как личиночная стадия — в печени и реже в грудной и брюшной полостях промежуточных хозяев — грызунов.

Возбудитель гидатигероза — Hydatigera fasciolaris. Дефинитивные (окончательные) хозяева — домашняя и дикая кошка, тигр, реже собака, промежуточные — крыса, мышь, нутрии, ондатра, белка, крот и летучая мышь.

Промежуточные хозяева заражаются при проглатывании яиц или члеников цестод, выделяемых дефинитивными хозяевами. Онкосферы, освобожденные из яиц в кишечнике грызунов, мигрируют в органы брюшной и грудной полостей, в печень, где образуют округлые цисты. Дефинитивные хозяева заражаются при поедании грызунов или внутренних органов нутрий и ондатр. Половой зрелости цестоды достигают у различных дефинитивных хозяев за 34—80 сут. Продолжительность их жизни составляет 7—24 месяцев в зависимости от вида и состояния хозяина.

В распространении заболевания основную роль играет домашняя кошка. Заболевание кошек распространено довольно широко, чему способствуют неудовлетворительные ветеринарно-санитарные мероприятия и наличие в жилых районах большого количества бездомных кошек, а также грызунов.

Симптомы гидатигероза у кошек


При заражении гидатигерозом нарушаются функции пищеварения. Степень проявления клинических признаков зависит от индивидуальных особенностей животного и интенсивности инвазии. У кошки могут наблюдаться угнетенное состояние, длительный понос, вздутие живота, исхудание, иногда рвота. Нередко отмечают непроходимость кишечника. Заболевание наиболее тяжело протекает у молодых кошек.

Лечение и профилактика гидатигероза у кошек

Диагноз ставят комплексно: изучают эпизоотологическую обстановку, исследуют фекалии на выявление члеников и яиц гельминтов. Для дегельминтизации кошек и собак применяют фенасал, фенапэг, празиквантел(дронцит), азинокс, бунамидина гидрохлорид и др.

Для профилактики заболевания необходимо принимать меры, чтобы домашние кошки не имели доступа туда, где содержат нутрий, ондатр и мышей.

Использовалась литература:
М.Ш. Акбаев, А.А. Водянов, Н.Е. Косминков, Паразитология и инвазионные болезни животных, 1998


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